四级英语写作方法

发布时间:2018-09-25 编辑:吴健敏 手机版

  (1) 因果法

  常用的连接语:because, since, now that, because of, as a result of, on account of, for this reason, owing to, due to, for, as, thanks to, therefore, so that, thus, hence, consequently, so, accordingly, in view of…

  1. There are many reasons for this but the main three are as follows: First, …. Second, …. Last but not least, …

  2. Many factors are responsible for the problem, but the main two are as follows: …

  (2) 比较与对比法

  常用的连接语: while; on the one hand, … on the other hand; like; similarly; likewise; in the same way

  1. Obviously, it has both negative effects and positive effects….

  2. Many argue that …, while others maintain that …

  3. However, like many other things, … has both advantages and disadvantages.

  4. There is much controversy nowadays over …. Some people are of the opinion that …, but there are others who ….

  5. While there is a GREat deal of enthusiasm nowadays over the advantages of …, its drawbacks should not be neglected. For one thing, …. For another, …

  6. There is certainly some truth on both sides. But neither … nor … holds the key to the problem. In my opinion, we should …

  (3) 类比法

  常用的连接语:just like; just as much of ; nothing more than; as… as …

  1. Science and technology also play an important role in our socialist construction. We may say that our socialist construction is just like a skyscraper, while science and technology are its base.

  2. If society were a train, the etiquette would be the rails along which only the train could rumble forth.

  3. Our life in nothing more than our time. To kill time is therefore a form of suicide.

  (4) 列举法

  通过列举几方面的事实使读者相信或接受作者的意见。

  常用的连接语: first, second, last but not list, first of all, to begin with, firstly, secondly, finally, what is more, next, then, after that, thus

  1. The first thing we do is,,,,, next, and then, finally…..

  2. First, second, third, …last but not least…

  3. Another important consideration is ….

  4. What is more, ..

  (三) 文章结尾

  结论

  1. From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably draw a conclusion that…

  2. As has been mentioned above, a conclusion can be drawn that …

  3. Thus, it can be concluded that…

  4. In a word,… / To sum up,… / In short, …/ All in all….

  5. In my opinion,… /So far as I am concerned,

  6. This conclusion is also suggested by the fact that …

  号召性和意义

  1. It is time that we urged/put an immediate end to…

  2. It is necessary that some effective steps should be taken in no time.

  3. It is hoped that efforts will be made…

  4. Only by doing so, can we…

  展望, 后果

  1. Any person who ignores/fails to learn the warning would….

  2. We are sure that …/ We rest assured that …

  3. This is the prospect that man now faces. “…” is avalanching upon our heads and most people are absurdly unprepared to cope with.

  4. I only hope that some day there can be a solution to this problem.

  5. No doubt, … will continue to be a problem of … for some time to come.

  反问

  1. Why don’t we double our efforts to learn it?

  2. Is it any wonder that June is my favorite month?

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