◎我能用一下您的电话吗? May I use your phone?
May I use your phone? (我能用一下您的电话吗?)
Go right ahead. (请用吧。)
◎我可以请您帮个忙吗? Do you mind if I ask you a favor?
Do you mind if I ask you a favor? (我可以请您帮个忙吗?)
No, not at all. (没问题，完全可以。)
= Can I ask a favor?
= May I ask you a favor? *这两个例句和上面例句不同，用Yes回答“可以”。
◎能帮把手吗? Would you give me a hand?
= Would you please help me?
= Would you mind giving me a hand?
= Could you help me out?
◎对不起…… I'm sorry to bother you,...
I'm sorry to bother you, but can you help me? (对不起，能帮我一下吗?)
It's no bother. (没问题。)
◎乐意为您效劳。 I'll be glad to.
= I'd be happy to.
= With pleasure.
= Love to.
◎我可不可以……/可不可以让我…… Could I possibly...?
Could I possibly use your bathroom? (我能用一下您的洗手间吗?)
Of course. (当然。)
◎如果可以的话，…… If you'd like,...
= If you want to,...
◎请您把糖拿过来行吗? Could you pass the sugar, please?
Could you pass the sugar, please? (请您把糖拿过来行吗?)
Sure. Here you are. (好的。给你。)
= Could I have the sugar, please?
= Could you hand me the sugar, please?
= Could you give me the sugar, please?
= Sugar, please. *比较随便的说法。
◎给! Here you are.
= Here you go.
= Here it is.
◎请做这个。 Please do this.
What do you want me to do? (你想让我做什么?)
Please do this. (请做这个。)
= Please take care of this.
= Would you please do this (for me)? (您能为我做这个吗?)
◎您能开车送我到那家店吗? Would you drive me to the store?
= Would you take me to the store?
= Would you drop me off at the store? (能让我在那家店下车吗?)
◎您能帮我找到ABC饭店的电话号码吗? Would you help me find the number for the ABC Hotel?
Would you help me find the number for the ABC Hotel? (您能帮我找到ABC饭店的电话号码吗?)
My pleasure. (可以啊!)
◎我不知道怎么填这张表。 I don't know how to fill out this form.
= How do I fill out this form?
= Can you help me with this form? (您能帮我填一下这张表吗?)
◎告诉我为什么? Tell me why.
= What's the reason? (理由是什么呢?)
= Why do you think that? (你为什么那么想?)
◎能借用一下你的钢笔吗? May I borrow your pen?
= May I use your pen?
= Is it okay if I use your pen?
◎有笔吗? Do you have a pen?
= Do you have a pen that I can borrow?
◎能借给我10美元吗? Can you lend me ten dollars?
◎你能给我打个电话吗? Would you give me a call?
= Could you call me?
= Can you ring me up?
◎你今天晚上如果能给我打个电话的话，我将非常感激。 I'd appreciate it if you could call me tonight.
I'd appreciate it if you could call me tonight. (你今天晚上如果能给我打个电话的话，我将非常感激。
I'd be glad to. (我非常愿意。)
◎请关小点儿声。 Please turn it down.
*turn down 是“关小”电视、收音机等的声音。另外关于turn还有以下几种用法。
turn up (开大〈电视、收音机等〉的声音。)
turn off (关上〈电视、收音机等〉)
turn on (打开〈电视、收音机等〉)
= Would you please turn it down? *比较有礼貌的说法。
Would you please turn it down? (能把声音关小点吗?)
All right. (好吧!)
Not so loud, please.
= Please lower the volume.
= It's too loud. Turn it down. (太吵了，关小点声。) *带有命令的语感。
◎等我回来。 Wait here until I get back.
= Please wait here for me.
◎劳驾。 Excuse me.
Excuse me. (劳驾。)
Can I help you? (有事吗?)
◎你有空吗? Do you have time?
*“你有时间吗?”，如果是Do you have the time?的话，意思是“你知道几点了吗?”。
Do you have time? (你有空儿吗?)
= Do you have a minute?
◎我想求你件事行吗? Can I ask you a favor?
Can I ask you a favor? (我想求你件事行吗?)
Sure. What is it? (当然。什么事?)
Can I ask you a favor? (我想求你件事。)
Sorry, I'm busy. (对不起，我很忙。)
May I ask a favor of you? *更礼貌的说法。
= Could you do me a favor?
= Could you help me?
= Can you help me?
◎我想打听点儿事。 May I ask you something?
May I ask you something? (我想打听点儿事。)
Sure. Go ahead. (当然，请说吧。)
= May I ask (you) a question?
= I'd like to ask you something.
= I have a question.
= Could you tell me something?
= Do you have time to answer a question?
= Could you answer a question?
= I hate to bother you, but can I ask you a question? (真不好意思，打扰您了，我可以问个问题吗?)
◎对不起，打断一下可以吗? Sorry for interrupting.
Sorry for interrupting... (对不起，打断一下可以吗?)
Oh, you're not. (噢，没关系。)
= I'm sorry to interrupt you.
= May I interrupt you?
= Excuse me for interrupting.
= Forgive me for interrupting.